Part IV: Back to the Roots (1960-1967)

 


*AST numbers refer to the original catalogue of Theodorakis’s works compiled in Greek by Asteris Koutoulas

English version prepared by Gail Holst-Warhaft

Internet version prepared by Guy Wagner


30

AST 112

 

EPITAPHIOS (EPITAPH)

Song Cycle

"To my friendship with Vyronas Samios"

Poetry of Yannis Ritsos

8 Songs

Paris, 1958

First performance: Eleusis, 1960

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1960 (Grigoris Bithikotsis) & FIDELITY, 1960 ( Nana Mouskouri)


35

AST 123

 

ARCHIPELAGOS

Song Cycle

Poems by Nikos Gatsos (4), Odysseas Elytis, Panos Kokkinopoulos, Dimitris Christodoulou (2), Yannis Theodorakis & Mikis Theodorakis (4)

13 Songs

Paris, Athens, London, 1959-61 (No. 13, 1957)

First performances: Athens, 1960-61

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1960-61 (minus No. 13) FIDELITY, 1960 (complete)


36

AST 124

 

DISPERSED SONGS, 1959-69 (SKORPIA TRAGOUDIA)

[Anthology no. 2]

Songs

Poems by J. Plante, Kostas Virvos, Nikos Gatsos, G. Papakyriakis, Enricos Thalassinos (3), Michalis Katsaros (3), Christos Kolokotronis (3), Dimitris Christodoulou (2), Klitos Kyrou & Mikis Theodorakis (4)

15 + 6 Songs

Athens, Paris, 1959-65

First performances:1961-3

First recording: No. 21: MINOS, 1975 (on record ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE ) and MINOS, 1976 (on record OF EXILE )

Complete collection of songs: EMI, 1988


AST 125

 

ANTIGONE

Piano Solo

For piano

Paris, ca. 1959


AST 126

 

SUITE No. 5 [sketch]

Symphonic

For orchestra

Paris, 1959-60


37

AST 127

 

AXION ESTI (IT IS WORTHY)

Meta-symphonic

Poetry of O. Elytis

For baritone, popular singer, small choir, santouri, popular and classical orchestra

Paris & Athens, 1960-63

[Second arrangement: Elaboration of choral part and additional instruments added 1993 = AST 292]

First performance: Cyprus, 1964

As ballet: Perth. Australia, 1991

First recording: COLUMBIA,1964; Swedish version: FOLKSANG, 1980; German version: ETERNA, 1983


38

AST 128

 

THE SONG OF THE DEAD BROTHER

Song Cycle

Lyrics by Mikis Theodorakis and Kostas Virvos

Song cycle from the musical tragedy of the same name.

Paris and Athens, 1960-63

[New musical arrangment and addition of songs nos. 10 -12 (1979-80) = AST 244]

First performance: Athens, 1962

First recording: HMV, 1962


39

AST 129

 

ISLAND OF THE AZORES AND BARREL-ORGAN (NISOS TON AZOROS & ROMVIA)

Songs

Texts by Bost

Athens, 1960

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1960


AST 130

 

MICHALIS OF SKIATHOS

Film Score

Film music for flute, clarinet, bassoon, horn, guitar, mandolin, bouble bass, 6 violins and 4 cellos

Athens, 1960

First performance: 1961

Directed by John Ingram


40

AST 131

 

CITY (POLITIA)

Song Cycle

Poems by Dimitris Christodoulou (4), Tassos Livaditis (5), Kostas Virvos

10 songs

Paris & Athens, 1960-61

(songs no. 9 & 10 from the film DREAM DISTRICT )

First performance: Athens, 1960-61

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1960-61


AST 132

 

THE BACCHAE [sketch]

Music for Theatre

Tragedy by Euripides

For choir, winds and percussion

Paris, 1960


AST 133

 

FACES IN THE DARK

Film Score

Film music for ondes Martenot and percussion

London, 1960

First performance: U.K. 1961

Directed by David Eady


41

AST 134

 

AJAX

Music for Theatre

Tragedy by Sophocles

For choir, flute, Bb clarinet, bassoon, trumpet, horn, piano, guitar and percussion

Paris, 1960-61

First performance: Epidaurus, 1961


AST 135

 

MYRTLE (MYRTIA)

Film Score

Film music for voice and popular orchestra

Athens, 1960-61

First performance: Greece, 1961

Directed by Kostas Karagiannis


AST 136

 

DREAM DISTRICT (SYNIKIA TO ONEIRO)

Film Score

Film music for voice and popular orchestra

Lyrics: Tassos Livaditis & Kostas Virvos

Athens 1960-61

First performance: Athens, 1961

First recording (songs): COLUMBIA, 1960

Directed by Alekos Alexandrakis


42

AST 137

 

EPIPHANY (EPIPHANIA)

Song Cycle

Poetry of George Seferis

4 Songs

Paris, 1960-61

[Arrangement for small instrumental ensemble with popular and classical instruments (1979)]

[Arrangement for mixed choir (1983) =AST 260]

[New and extended version of 3 (Epiphany 1937) as EPIPHANIA AVEROF (1968-69) = AST 181]

First performance: Athens, 1961

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1961 & LYRA, 1979


(17)

AST 138

 

THE DESERTERS (LIPOTAKTES)

Song Cycle

Poems by Yannis Theodorakis

Arrangement for harpsichord, classical guitar, 12-string guitar, flute, piano, violin and percussion

Athens, 1960-61

[See AST 74, AST 242 and AST 259]

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1961


AST 139

 

THE SHADOW OF THE CAT

Film Score

Film music for symphony orchestra

London & Paris, 1961

First performance, London, 1961

Directed by John Gilling


AST 140

 

A MEETING ONE NIGHT (SYNANTISI MIAS NICHTAS)

Film Score

Film music for voice and popular orchestra

Athens, 1961

First performance: Athens, 1961

Directed by Enrikos Thalassinos


AST 141`

 

BEAUTIFUL CITY

Music for Theatre - Song Cycle

Musical review

Lyrics by Bost (2), Dimitris Christodoulou (3), Enrikos Thalassinos (6), Akos Daskalopoulos

13 parts

Athens & Paris, 1961-62

First performance: Athens, 1962

First recording: Columbia, 1962


AST 142

 

PHAEDRA

Film Score

Film music for voice, clarinet, 2 guitars, 2 violins, viola, cello and double bass

13 parts

Paris, 1961

First performance: Paris, 1962

Directed by Jules Dassin

First recording: UAS, 1962


AST 143

 

BETRAYED LOVE (PRODOMENI AGAPI)

Film Score

Film music for two voices and popular orchestra

Lyrics: Enrikos Thalassinos

Athens, 1961-2

First performance: Athens, 1962

Directed by Enrikos Thalassinos

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1962


AST 144

 

ELECTRA

Film Score

Film music for voice, piccolo, clarinet, santouri, double bass and percussion

Suites I-XIV

Paris, 1961-2

First performance: Greece, 1962

Directed by Michalis Cacoyannis

First recording: PHILIPS, 1962

(re-recorded without songs: BMG, 1988)


 

 

AST 145

 

 

 

MANOLIS

 

Film Score

 

Film music for two bouzoukis and symphony orchestra

 

London, 1961-2

 

First performace: London, 1962

 

Directed by Paul Crosfield

 


 

AST 146

 

 

 

LES AMANTS DE TERUEL

 

Film Score

 

Film music for symphony orchestra

 

Paris, 1961-2

 

[See AST 118]

 

First performance: Paris, 1962

 

Directed by Raymond Rouleau

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1962 (Edith Piaf)

 


 

43

 

AST 147 & AST 148

 

 

 

THE HOSTAGE (ENAS OMIROS)

 

Song Cycle

 

Play by Brendan Behan

 

Suite for voice, 2 bouzoukis, guitar, cello, bass, flute, oboe, piano, harpsichord and percussion

 

16 parts

 

Paris, 1962

 

[See AST 147]

 

First recording: LYRA, 1962

 


 

AST 149

 

 

 

LINNEAR MUSIC (GRAMMIKI MOUSIKI)

 

Symphonic

 

For orchestra

 

5 movements

 

Paris & London, 1962

 

[Incorporated in the film score for FIVE MILES TO MIDNIGHT - See AST 150]

 


 

AST 150

 

 

 

LA TROISIEME DIMENSION (FIVE MILES TO MIDNIGHT)

 

Film Score

 

Film music for solo violin, ondes Martenott, 6 first violins, 6 second violins, cellos, bass, trombone, bass trombone, piano and percussion

 

Paris, 1962

 

[See AST 149]

 

First performance: Paris, 1962

 

Directed by Anatole Litvak

 


 

AST 151

 

 

 

LONGHEADS AND ROUNDHEADS [sketches]

 

Music for Theatre

 

Play by Bertolt Brecht

 

2 Songs

 

Athens, 1962-3

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1963

 


 

44

 

AST 152

 

 

 

PROPHETIC (PROPHITIKA)

 

Songs

 

"On the murder of Grigoris Lambrakis"

 

Lyrics by Mikis Theodorakis

 

2 Songs

 

Athens, 1963

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1963

 


 

AST 153

 

 

 

MAGICAL CITY (MAGIKI POLI)

 

Music for Theatre

 

Musical review by Theodorakis-Hadjidakis

 

With music of Manos Loïzos & Christos Leontis

 

Lyrics by Mikis Theodorakis (2), Notis Pergyalis & Iakovos Kambanellis

 

4 Songs

 

Athens, 1963

 

First performance: Athens, 1963

 

First recording, COLUMBIA, 1963

 


 

45

 

AST 154

 

 

 

THE ANGELS’ QUARTER (I GITONIA TON ANGELON)

 

Music for Theatre

 

Musical Drama

 

Lyrics by Iakovos Kambanellis

 

10 parts

 

Athens, 1963

 

First performance: Athens, 1963

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1963

 


 

AST 155

 

 

 

GREAT WALL OF CHINA [sketches]

 

Music for Theatre

 

Play by Max Frisch

 

Athens, 1963

 


 

AST 156

 

 

 

LIOUTSA [melodies]

 

Music for Theatre

 

Play by Dimitris Liberopoulos

 

Athens, 1963

 

First performance: Athens, 1963

 


 

46

 

AST 157

 

 

 

LITTLE CYCLADES (MIKRES KYKLADES)

 

Song Cycle

 

Poems by Odysseus Elytis

 

7 songs

 

[See AST 311]

 

Athens, 1963

 

First performance: Athens, 1963

 

First recordings: EMIAL, 1964 & LYRA, 1964

 


 

47

 

AST 158

 

 

 

CITY 2 (POLITIA B')

 

Song Cycle

 

Poems by Kostas Varnalis (2), Dimitris Christodoulou (2), Nikos Gatsos, Panos Kokkinopoulos

 

6 songs

 

Paris, Athens, 1964

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1964

 


 

AST 159

 

 

 

ZORBA THE GREEK

 

Film Score

 

Film music for two bouzoukis, flute, oboe, cello, percussion, bass, piano, strings and popular orchestra

 

Based on the novel ALEXIS ZORBAS by Nikos Kazantzakis

 

Athens, 1964

 

[some themes reappear in the ballet of the same name of 1987-88. See AST 281]

 

First performance: New York, 1964

 

Directed by Michalis Cacoyannis

 

First recording: 20th CENTURY FOX, 1964

 


 

48

 

AST 160

 

 

 

GOLDEN-GREEN LEAF (CHRYSSOPRASSINO PHYLLO)

 

Film Score

 

Songs for the film THE ISLAND OF APHRODITE

 

Lyrics by Leonidas Malenis, Nikos Gatsos, Antis Pernaris & Mikis Theodorakis

 

Athens, 1964

 

First performance: Athens, 1965

 

Directed by Charilaos Papadopoulos

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1965

 


 

AST 161

 

 

 

A MONTH IN THE COUNTRY (ENAS MINAS STIN EXOCHI)

 

Music for Theatre

 

Play by Ivan Turgenev

 

For cello and other classical instruments

 

Athens, 1964

 


 

AST 162

 

 

 

UNE BALLE AU COEUR

 

Film Score

 

Film music for voice and popular orchestra

 

Athens, 1964-5

 

First performance: France, 1965

 

Directed by Jean Daniel Pollet

 

First recording: BARCLAY, 1966

 


 

AST 163

 

 

 

THE TROJAN WOMEN (TROADES)

 

Music for Theatre

 

Tragedy by Euripides

 

For alto, choir, santouri, 2 flutes, Bb clarinet and percussion

 

Athens, 1965

 

First performance: Epidaurus, 1965

 


 

AST 164

 

 

 

SOTIRIS PETROULAS

 

Choral

 

Poem by Mikis Theodorakis

 

For mixed choir and baritone solo

 

Athens, 1965

 


 

49

 

AST 165

 

 

 

FARANTOURI CYCLE (SIX SONGS)

 

Song Cycle

 

Lyrics by Nikos Gatsos, Dimitris Christodoulou, Tassos Livaditis, Gerasimos Stavrou

 

6 songs

 

[See AST 313]

 

Athens, 1965

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1965

 


 

AST 166

 

 

 

THE ROADBLOCK (TO BLOKO)

 

Film Score

 

Film music for voice and popular orchestra

 

Athens, 1965

 

First performance: Athens, 1965

 

Directed by Adonis Kourou

 


 

AST 167

 

 

 

THE PENDULUM (TO EKREMES)

 

Music for Theatre

 

Play by Aldo Nicolai (Dimitris Myrat) & Nikos Gatsos

 

Athens, 1965

 

For voice and popular orchestra. (includes some of the FARANTOURI CYCLE)

 

First performance: Athens, 1965

 


 

50

 

AST 168

 

 

 

MAUTHAUSEN

 

Song Cycle

 

Poems by Iakovos Kambanellis

 

4 songs

 

[Arrangement for choir (1983 ) = AST 258]

 

Athens, 1965

 

First performance: Athens, 1966

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1966

 


 

51

 

AST 169

 

 

 

GREEKNESS (ROMIOSSINI)

 

Song Cycle

 

Poems by Yannis Ritsos

 

9 songs

 

Athens, 1966

 

First performance: Athens, 1966

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1966

 


 

52

 

AST 170

 

 

 

LETTERS FROM GERMANY (GRAMMATA AP' TI GERMANIA)

 

Song Cycle

 

"The Minor Odyssey"

 

Poems by Fontas Ladis

 

13 Songs

 

Athens, 1966

 

First performance: Athens, 1966

 

First recording: LYRA, 1975

 


 

AST 171

 

 

 

LYSISTRATA

 

Music for Theatre

 

Comedy by Aristophanes

 

For choir, flute, trombone, mandoline, guitar, cello, santouri, double bass and percussion

 

Athens, 1967

 

First performance: Athens, 1967

 


 

AST 172

 

 

 

THE DAY THE FISH CAME OUT

 

Film Score

 

Film music for voices, synthesizer, santouri, bouzoukis, clarinet, flute, electric guitar, electric bass, drums and percussion

 

16 parts

 

Athens, 1966

 

First performance: U.S., 1967

 

Directed by Michalis Cacoyannis

 

First recording: 20th CENTURY FOX, 1967

 


 

AST 173

 

 

 

THE AGE OF MY NEIGHBORHOOD (I ILIKIA TIS GITONIA MOU)

 

Song Cycle

 

Poems of Michalis Papanikolaou

 

6 songs

 

Athens, 1966

 

First performance: Athens, 1966

 


 

53

 

AST 174

 

 

 

SEA MOONS (THALASSINA FENGARIA)

 

Song Cycle

 

Poems of Nikos Gatsos

 

6 songs

 

Athens, 1966

 

First performance: Athens, 1966

 

First recording: COLUMBIA, 1967

 


 

AST 175

 

 

 

THE GOOD SOLDIER SVEJK [sketches]

 

Music for Theatre

 

Story by Jaroslaw Hasek

 

Athens, 1967

 


 

54

 

AST 176

 

 

 

ROMANCERO GITAN

 

Song Cycle

 

Poems of Federico Garcia Lorca (Odysseas Elytis)

 

7 songs

 

Athens, 1967

 

[Arranged for mezzo, guitar, choir and orchestra as Guitar Concerto (1982) = AST 256]

 

[Arrangement for voice and piano = AST 307]

 

First performance: Rome, 1970

 

First recording: POLYDOR, 1970

 

With guitarist John Williams: CBS, 1971

 


 

55

 

AST 177

 

 

 

POPULAR SONGS (TA LAÏKA)

 

Song Cycle

 

Poems by Manos Eleftheriou

 

Athens, Vrachati, 1967-8

 

First performance: Rome, 1970

 

First recording: POLYDOR, 1971

 


 

© Asteris Koutoulas, Gail Holst (English adaptation) & Guy Wagner (Internet Site)